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The Holy Month Of Muharram

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salam 2 all

Moharram, the first month of Islamic Calendar, brings along with it a feeling of great sadness and sorrow in the heart of every Muslim. It is a month in which we commemorate Imam Hussain's (A.S.) victory in martyrdom, a victory which has permanently preserved the true Islam till the Day of Judgment. Allah has called this a "Momentous Sacrifice" i.e. "Zibhin Aazeem" in Holy Quran, chapter As-Saffat (37:107). We are all forever indebted to Imam Hussain (A.S.) for his great sacrifice. Let us join together and commemorate this loss and learn from the example of Imam Hussain (A.S.).

Martyrdom of Imam Hussein (Pbuh)

Parts of Ziyarat-e Ashura:

O' Aba-Abdellah, O' son of the Messenger of Allah, Peace be on you!

O' son of the commander of the faithfuls, the forebear of the successors! Peace be on you!

O' son of Fatemah, the choicest among the women of the worlds. Peace be on you!

O' the select, surpassing, chosen inpreferenc over all good of Allah, and son of Allah's (such) good.

The Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace be on him and his progeny, had openly prophesied that the faith of Islam would be rescued by his second grandson Hussein, when Yazid, son of Muawiyah, would endeavor to destroy it.

Yazid was known for his devilish character and brutish conduct. He was known as the most licentious of men. The people having known and understood the character of Yazid, formed a covenant by which Muawiyah could not appoint Yazdi as his successor. This undertaking was given by Muawiyah to Imam Hasan from whom Muawiyah had snatched power. Muawiyah violated this undertaking and nominated Yazid who succeeded his father.

Immediately as he came to power, Yazid began acting in full accordance with his known character. He started interfering in the fundamentals of the faith and practiced every vice and wickedness freely with the highest degree of impunity and yet held himself out as the successor of the Holy Prophet, demanding allegiance to himself as the leading guide of the faith. Paying allegiance to Yazid was nothing short of acknowledging the devil as God. If a divine personality like the Holy Imam Hussein had agreed to his authority, it would be actually recommending the devil to humanity in place of God. Yazid demanded allegiance from the Holy Imam Hussein, who could have never agreed to it at any cost. The people fearing death and destruction at the hands of the tyrant had yielded to him out of fear. Imam Hussein said that come whatever may, he would never yield to the devil in place of God and undo what his grandfather, the Holy Prophet had established.

The refusal of the Holy Imam to pay allegiance to Yazid, marked the start of the persecution of the Holy Imam. As a result he had retired to Medina where he led a secluded life. Even here he was not allowed to live in peace and was forced to seek refuge in Mecca - where also he was badly harassed, and Yazid plotted to murder him in the very precincts of the great sanctuary of Kabah.

In order to safeguard the great sanctuary, Imam Hussein decided to leave Mecca for Kufah just a day before the hajj pilgrimage. When asked the reason for the mysterious departure from Mecca foregoing the pilgrimage which was only the next day, Imam Hussein said that he would perform this year's pilgrimage at Karbala', offering the sacrifice not of any animals, but of his kith and kin and some faithful friends. He enumerated the names of his kith and kin who would lay down their lives with him in the great sacrifice at Karbala'.

The people of Kufah getting tired of the tyrannical and satanic rule of Yazid, had written enumerable letters and sent emissaries to Imam Hussein to come over and give them guidance in faith. Although Imam Hussein knew the ultimate end of the invitations, he as the divinely chosen Imam could not refuse to give the guidance sought for. When the Holy Imam with his entourage had reached Karbala', his horse mysteriously stopped and would not move any further. Upon this the Holy Imam declared:

"This is the land, the land of sufferings and tortures."

He alighted from his horse, and ordered his followers to encamp there saying:

"Here shall we be martyred and our children be killed. Here shall our tents be burned and our family arrested. This is the land about which my grandfather the Holy Prophet had foretold, and his prophecy will certainly be fulfilled."

On the 7th of Muharram water supply to the Imam's camp was cut and the torture of thirst and hunger started. The Holy Imam's camp consisted of ladies, innocent children including babies and some male members of the Holy Prophet's family; along with a small band of some faithful friends of Imam Hussein who had chosen to die with the Holy Imam, fighting against the devil for the cause of Allah.

The Day of 'Ashura (10th of Muharram)

At dawn the Imam glanced over the army of Yazid and saw 'Umar Ibn Sa'd (commander of the evil army) ordering his forces to march towards him. Imam gathered his followers and addressed them thus:

'Allah has, this day, permitted us to be engaged in a Holy War and He shall reward us for our martyrdom. So prepare yourself to fight against the enemies of Islam with patience and resistance. O' sons of the noble and self-respecting persons, be patient! Death is nothing but a bridge which you must cross after facing trials and tribulations so as to reach Heaven and its joys. Which of you do not like to go from this prison (World) to the Paradise?"

Having heard the Imam's address, all his companions were overwhelmed and cried out,

"O' our Master! We are all ready to defend you and your Ahlu'l-Bayt, and to sacrifice our lives for the cause of Islam."

Imam Hussein sent out from his camp one after another to fight and sacrifice their lives in the way of the Lord. Lastly, when all his men and children had laid down their lives, Imam Hussein brought his six-month old baby son 'Ali Al-Asghar, and offering him on his own hands, demanded some water for the baby, dying of thirst. The thirst of the baby was quenched by a deadly poisoned arrow from the brute's forces, which pinned the baby's neck to the arm of the helpless father. At last when the six-month old baby also was killed, Imam Hussein addressed Allah:

"O' Lord! Thy Hussein has offered in Thy way whatever Thou hath blessed him with. Bless Thy Hussein, O' Lord! With the acceptance of this sacrifice. Everything Hussein could do till now was through Thy help and by Thy Grace."

Lastly, Imam Hussein came into the field and was killed, the details of which merciless slaughter are heart rending. The forces of Yazid having killed Imam Hussein, cut and severed his head from his body and raised it on a lance. The severed head of the Holy Imam began glorifying Allah from the point of the lance saying, 'Allahu Akbar'. "All glory be to Allah Who is the Greatest!"After the wholesale, merciless and most brutal slaughter of the Holy Imam with his faithful band, the helpless ladies and children along with the ailing son of Imam Hussein, Imam 'Ali Zaynu'l-'Abedin (Pbuh) and Imam's holy sister, Zeinab (SA) were taken captives


its me


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